Tibet-at an altitude 4000m. covering an area of 1,200,000 square kilometers is a rich and beautiful land located at the main part of Qinghai-Tibet plateau, the south-west frontier of China bordered by Sichuan, Yunnan, Qinghai, And Xinjiang; to the south contiguous to India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Burma, and bounded by Kashmir on the west.
Tibet is divided into three major parts – north, south, and east. The eastern part is forest region, occupying approximately one-fourth of the land. Virgin forests run the entire breadth and length of this part of Tibet. The northern part is open grassland, where nomads and yak and sheep dwell here. This part occupies approximately half of Tibet. The southern and central part in the agricultural region, occupying about one-fourth of Tibet’s land area. All major Tibetan cities and towns such as Lhasa, Shigatse, Gyantse, and Tsetang are located in this area.